What supplies needed to start a freshwater fish tank?

Keeping fish can be a rewarding pastime and a well-groomed freshwater fish tank can add a lot of aesthetic beauty to your home. However, maintaining a tank of freshwater aquarium fish can also be a lot of work. In order to avoid dead fish and unhealthy tank parameters. A fundamental of research should be done prior to setting up your aquarium. Before making that first visit to the pet store to buy fish, you need to make sure you are prepared with all the materials needed to start a freshwater fish tank.

In this article from http://aquariumfishblog.com, we explain how to take care of your aquarium, aquarium fish, aquarium plants and aquarium fish diseases.


Obviously, the first step in creating a freshwater aquarium is the purchase of a tank. You can simply buy a tank that fits your budget. However, if you already have an idea of ​​what type of fish you want, you need to make sure you get a tank that is large enough to accommodate the fish. Generally, 1 liter of water is needed for every 1 inch of fish.


A filter cleans the water in your tank and is essential for the well-being and survival of your fish. They come in many styles and if you buy your brand new tank, you are likely to come with an external power filter that hangs on the back. External power filters are believed to be the most expert type to be the most efficient and easiest filter to be used. However, there are also internal box filters, which sit inside the tank; But are really effective in smaller tanks (under 20 gallons). A filter under the gravel is another option; This type draws water through the substrate, creating an effective biological filtration system.

Hood / Ceiling

As with filters, most new aquariums come with a hood or awning. However, if yours does not, it is an essential purchase. Much freshwater fish jump out of the water from time to time, and the only thing that will stop them from leaving and dying on the ground is a hood or awning that covers their tank. In addition, the hood also allows illumination, which will help keep the water at the proper temperature as well as facilitate the growth of live plants inside your tank. Finally, an awning or a hood will keep the claws and hands of the respective cats and children they may have out of the water.


The substrate is important to provide an anchor for plants and decorations. And promote the growth of beneficial bacteria that will keep your water safe. Aquarium gravel is important for beginners and comes in many colors. Aquarium sand (not coral sand) can also be used in a freshwater fish tank setting. You remember it is more difficult to clean.

Other supplies

Other supplies needed to set up your freshwater fish tank include nutritionally balanced foods; A fishing net for transferring the fish into / out of the tank; An empty aquarium to make partial changes of water; A bucket in which dirty water drains during partial changes, and from which the clean water drains back into the tank; An aquarium thermometer to control the temperature; And a water test kit to control water parameters such as ammonia, nitrites and pH.

Optional Supplies

Depending on the type of fish you get, and you plan to keep the tank when you start it. You may need an aquarium heater to keep the water at the proper temperature. A glass cleaner is also highly essential if you want to keep the glass algae free and in good condition. Decorations such as structures and live/artificial plants. Make your tank look good, and are often required to keep the fish comfortable and stress-free. Finally, water conditioner is essential if you are planning on filling the tank with tap water.